Below is the abstract for “One Buffalo in Texas: Legal and Ethical Issues in Native American Gaming Operations,” available for download on SSRN.

There are three federally recognized Native American tribes in Texas – The Alabama-Coushatta, Ysleta del sur Pueblo, and Texas band of Oklahoma Kickapoo. The Kickapoo tribe is the only one allowed to operate a gaming center within the state of Texas, due solely to a federal law that was passed thirty years ago. The Alabama-Coushatta and Ysleta del sur Pueblo tribes are the only federally recognized tribes in the United States that are not allowed to operate gaming operations under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act. The result is detrimental to these tribes and the Texas economy.

This paper will examine the history of the tribes, the litigation between the tribes and the state, and the legislative efforts which have attempted to rectify the exclusion of the tribes from the Indian Gaming Regulatory Agency. Finally, ethical considerations will be examined.


Tammy Cowart

The University of Texas at Tyler

Tammy Cowart has taught Business Law and Business Ethics classes in the Soules College of Business since 1999. She earned her law degree from Texas Tech University and has practiced law in a variety of areas including tort law, business law, and employment law. Her research interests include intellectual property, corporate governance and compliance, and privacy law. She developed MBA courses in business law and business ethics, as well as an undergraduate business ethics course which has been approved by the Texas State Board of Public Accountancy for CPA candidates.


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